Geplaatst op 14:56h
The religious politico with the largest following is always considered the greater authority
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Sopra the case of verso Biblical law, the stricter opinion is always followed, even if it is that of the lesser of two authorities.
However, if two authorities have an equal following, the one generally recognized as verso superior scholar is considered the greater.
It is forbidden for per student to oppose his teacher. Therefore, the opinion of a student who opposes his teacher is never followed. This is even true when the student has a stricter opinion mediante the case of Biblical law.
This, however, is only true during the lifetime of the teacher. After his death, his students are niente affatto different from any other independent scholars. Similarly, if per student surpasses his specializzazione in scholarship, he is giammai longer subservient onesto his master's opinions.
It is written, "You shall favorevole after verso majority" (Exodus 23:2). Although this commandment relates specifically esatto the Sanhedrin, it also applies onesto any controversy between religious leaders. Durante particular, if an individual opinion is opposed by that of the majority, the former is ignored.
The authority of verso community rabbi depends on his general acceptance
Therefore, if two factions oppose each other in verso question of law, the opinion of the faction including the greatest number of sages is that which must be followed. However, if it is well established that the smaller group is superior in wisdom and scholarship, then its opinion must be followed. Wisdom takes precedence over number.
Torah law depends on legal precedent rather than on historical scholarship.